Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, Cuauhtlatoatzin, Quauhtatoatzin, Guauhtlatoatzin
Date of Birth:
July 12, 1474
Date of Death:
May 30, 1548
He saw an apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
He helped spread the Catholic faith in Mexico due to this apparition.
Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin or Juan Diego (1474–May 30, 1548) was, according to Mexican Catholic tradition, an indigenous Mexican who reported a Marian apparition, Our Lady of Guadalupe, in 1531. The apparition has had a significant impact on the spread of the Catholic faith within Mexico. The Roman Catholic Church canonized him in 2002, as its first indigenous American saint.
The reality of Juan Diego's existence has been questioned by a number of experts on the early religious history of New Spain including Stafford Poole, Louise Burkhart and David Brading, who argue that there is a complete lack of sources about Juan Diego's existence prior to the publication of the Nican Mopohua a century later, in 1649 (they do not accept the validity of the Codex Escalada as historical evidence). Notwithstanding these doubts, the findings of an interdisciplinary study, by nearly two dozen experts involving a prominent Mexican university and a noted American scholar of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican linguistics and anthropology, all indicated authenticity of the document and 16th century origin.